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Key Factors

  • Agriculture is an important business however might not suit your portfolio.
  • Agricultural ETFs both observe meals and farm firms or baskets of commodities by way of futures contracts.
  • Agricultural ETFs usually carry excessive expense charges and lots of have restricted liquidity.
  • 5 shares we like higher than Altria Group

ETFs make investing in a variety of property doable by way of a single safety. These securities will be huge and span all the market or slim sufficient for only one sector or business. Some sectors are extra missed than others, and ETFs for agriculture are a few of the extra obscure securities available in the market. 

However are these ETFs price a better look? This text will focus on how agricultural ETFs work and record some choices.

What are agriculture ETFs?

Agriculture ETFs will let you spend money on underlying property associated to the agriculture business, like commodity futures, shares of agricultural firms or agribusiness corporations.

These ETFs are designed to offer you a diversified portfolio of agricultural property and a handy strategy to get publicity to the sector with out buying all of them individually. The ETFs usually observe particular indices composed of varied agricultural property.

Is there an agriculture ETF? 

Sure, there are a lot. Agriculture is without doubt one of the most essential industries on the earth because it’s arduous to have a functioning society with no meals provide. Agriculture firms are concerned with rising uncooked substances like wheat and sugar (in addition to a number of non-food commodities), elevating livestock like cows and pigs, working forestry and fishing companies and making merchandise like fertilizers, pesticides and farm tools. 

The huge agriculture business accommodates loads of ETFs which have sprung as much as present publicity to the sector. These securities vary from broad-based ETFs holding varied agriculture shares to slim thematic funds primarily based on a single commodity. 

Whereas there are fewer agriculture ETFs than banking or tech ETFs, buyers on the lookout for publicity may have loads of choices. However be ready to pay up — agricultural ETFs are sometimes small funds with restricted liquidity and excessive expense charges.

Understanding agriculture ETFs

One kind of ETF agriculture focuses on commodity futures. These ETFs spend money on contracts representing the long run supply of agricultural commodities similar to corn, soybeans or espresso. By investing in these futures, you possibly can speculate on the worth actions of those commodities with out really proudly owning them bodily.

One other kind of agriculture ETF focuses on shares of agribusiness corporations. These ETFs spend money on firms concerned in farming, meals processing, seed manufacturing, and tools manufacturing. By investing in these shares, you possibly can achieve publicity to the general efficiency of the agriculture sector.

How to decide on agriculture ETFs

The worth of the ETN rises and falls primarily based on the efficiency of the underlying index. Created by Barclays Financial institution in 2006, ETNs intention to offer retail buyers with tax-efficient publicity to complicated securities like commodities or forex . Consider them because the bond-like brother to equity-based ETFs — the index tracked could also be related, however the dangers and rewards differ. Credit score danger is a priority with ETNs since no property are held, however monitoring error is nonexistent, and there aren’t any or distributions to muddle up tax remedy.

8 finest agriculture ETFs 

What’s the finest agriculture ETF? The reply relies on your danger tolerance and most popular kind of publicity. Listed below are eight totally different agriculture ETFs and ETNs that present publicity to totally different areas of the sector. 

Invesco DB Agriculture ETF

The primary fund on our record, Invesco DB Agriculture ETF NYSE: DBA, is without doubt one of the oldest agriculture ETFs, however that does not carry a lot weight on this sector. The Invesco DB Agriculture ETF was established in early 2007 and offers retail buyers publicity to commodities by way of a balanced and extremely liquid ETF. 

DBA has slightly below $1 billion in property beneath administration and expenses a internet expense charge of 0.91%. The fund holds a wide range of futures contracts on commodities like livestock, soybeans, corn, espresso and sugar, together with short-dated U.S. Treasuries. are handy if you’d like commodities publicity and keep away from buying and selling futures.

iShares MSCI Agriculture Producers ETF

VanEck Agribusiness ETF

The most important agriculture-related ETF is the VanEck Agribusiness ETF NYSE: MOO, with over $1.25 billion in property beneath administration. Regardless of being the biggest by property, MOO is much less liquid than the similar-sized DBA and solely sees about one-fifth of the share quantity day by day. However MOO has an affordable 0.55% expense charge and pays a dividend yield of over 2%. The fund has extra worldwide holdings than VEGI (48% vs. 44%), together with some massive European firms like Bayer AG, Nutrien Ltd. and CNH Industrial NV. A few of the fund’s largest U.S. holdings embody Tyson Meals Inc. NYSE: TSN and The Toro Co. NYSE: TTC.

iPath Sequence B Bloomberg Agriculture Subindex Whole Return ETN

The primary ETN on our record comes from Barclays’ iPath and tracks the Bloomberg Agriculture Subindex. The fund mimics this commodities basket’s value, presently weighing the heaviest soybeans, wheat, and corn. As an ETN, no dividends are paid, however the safety does have a 0.45% expense charge, which is manageable for broad commodities publicity. 

Teucrium Agriculture Fund 

The Teucrium Agriculture Fund NYSE: TAGS is an funding agency specializing in agriculture-related securities. It gives publicity to a basket of commodities by way of 4 of the corporate’s smaller funds. TAGS has solely $33 million in property, nevertheless it’s a easy fund for investing within the value of wheat, corn, soybeans and sugar and carries a minuscule 0.13% expense charge.

International X AgTech and Meals Innovation ETF

One of many latest ag ETFs is the International X AgTech and Meals Innovation ETF NYSE: KROP, launched in 2021 by International X. The fund remains to be small, with solely $6 million in property, however the expense charge is just 0.50%, and it gives publicity to smaller agriculture startups like Oatly Group AB NASDAQ: OTLY and Tattooed Chef Inc. NASDAQ: TTCF. Liquidity is a priority as solely 2,400 shares are traded day by day on common, and the dividend yield is simply 0.71%. The fund gives numerous worldwide publicity — solely 42% of its holdings are American firms.

iPath Sequence B Bloomberg Espresso Subindex Whole Return ETN

One of many offshoots of Barclays’ JJA fund, the iPath Sequence B Bloomberg Espresso Subindex Whole Return ETN NYSE: JO fund narrows publicity down to only espresso futures. Monitoring solely the Bloomberg Espresso Subindex creates extra volatility since espresso costs are inclined to gyrate wildly, particularly in periods of financial uncertainty. JO carries the identical 0.45% expense charge as its cousins. It is also an ETN, so perceive the danger and rewards of these merchandise earlier than investing.

Cambria Hashish ETF

Now for a little bit of an alternate agricultural ETF, Cambria Hashish ETF BATS: TOKE. One of many largest-growing sectors is the hashish business as increasingly U.S. states transfer to calm down marijuana legal guidelines. The hashish sector has been hit and miss over the previous few years. The Cambria Hashish ETF holds a wide range of hashish, tobacco and agriculture shares like Scotts Miracle-Gro Firm NYSE: SMG, Altria Group Inc. NYSE: MO and Jazz Prescribed drugs PLC NASDAQ: JAZZ. The fund has simply over $11 million in property beneath administration and carries a 0.42% expense ratio. 

Execs and cons of investing in agriculture ETFs

Investing in agriculture ETFs has advantages and downsides. Earlier than placing any capital to work on this sector, take into account these factors and the way they could have an effect on your funding targets.


The advantages of investing in agriculture ETFs embody:

  • Investing in commodities: Merchants can spend money on commodities by way of agricultural ETFs and ETNs. Commodity buying and selling historically entails sophisticated futures contracts and requires a selected kind of brokerage account. ETFs and ETNs are bought on main exchanges, and you will not want margin to purchase them.
  • Underneath-covered sector: You will not discover Jim Cramer fielding too many questions on ag ETFs and shares on his nightly Mad Cash rounds. Some agriculture shares like Deere and Firm NYSE: DE are $100 billion market cap giants. Nonetheless, many others are small, under-the-radar firms like Arcadia Biosciences Inc. NASDAQ: RKDA or Intrepid Potash Inc. NYSE: IPI. Whereas dangerous, small-cap ag shares usually slip by way of the cracks concerning analyst protection and scores.


The draw back of investing in agriculture ETFs embody:

  • Costly funds: One of many advantages of ETF investing is the flexibility to purchase complete market sectors (or the market as an entire) by way of a single low cost fund. Sadly, many agricultural ETFs maintain shares and commodities contracts, which may result in some dear expense charges.
  • No dividends: If you happen to’re on the lookout for high-dividend ETFs, you most likely will not discover the agricultural sector interesting. Many funds are ETNs, debt securities that do not pay dividends or distribute capital features.

Components influencing agriculture ETFs 

Between geopolitical occasions, local weather change and technological developments, macroeconomic components play an enormous position in shaping funding selections inside the agriculture sector. They will have an effect on the efficiency of agriculture ETFs.

Geopolitical occasions can create volatility and uncertainty available in the market. This contains political tensions, commerce disputes or adjustments in authorities insurance policies. These conflicts can disrupt provide chains, have an effect on export/import dynamics and affect commodity costs. For example, if one nation imposes tariffs on wheat, its buying and selling companions can typically retaliate, leading to value fluctuations and market instability.

Local weather change, too, particularly when it causes excessive climate occasions like droughts, floods or hurricanes, can result in crop failures, diminished yields and total instability available in the market. As local weather change intensifies, take into account the potential dangers and alternatives it presents when contemplating the sector.

Lastly, technological improvements like precision farming strategies, genetic engineering and automation can probably revolutionize the agriculture business. These developments can enhance crop yields, cut back prices, improve effectivity and finally influence the efficiency of agriculture ETFs.

Methods for investing in agriculture ETFs

Timing is the primary consideration whenever you’re investing in agriculture ETFs. Listed below are some methods to contemplate to maximise your funding potential:

  • Analysis market cycles: Like every sector, agriculture experiences cycles of development and decline. Understanding these cycles can assist you time your investments. For instance, agricultural shares and commodities are inclined to carry out nicely throughout excessive demand for crops, such because the planting and harvesting seasons.
  • Diversify your portfolio: Agriculture ETFs provide publicity to numerous property, together with crop producers, seed and fertilizer producers, agricultural equipment firms and even hashish producers. By diversifying your portfolio throughout varied subsectors inside agriculture, you possibly can seize totally different sources of potential development and mitigate danger.
  • Monitor geopolitical occasions: Keep knowledgeable about political developments, commerce agreements and insurance policies that may influence the agriculture business. These can create alternatives or pose dangers for agriculture ETFs. For instance, a commerce settlement that opens up new export markets for corn may benefit firms that develop or course of it.
  • Contemplate local weather change dangers: With more and more critical climate-related occasions, assess the resilience of the agriculture firms in your portfolio. Search for firms that use sustainable farming practices, spend money on local weather adaptation applied sciences or develop drought-resistant crops. Keep up to date on climate patterns and local weather change projections to see how they may have an effect on crop yields and commodity costs.
  • Contemplate long-term traits: Search for long-term traits that may drive development within the sector, like an exploding international inhabitants, altering dietary preferences and rising demand for natural and sustainable meals. You would possibly see an increase in firms that observe natural farming, plant-based options and environmentally pleasant practices.
  • Keep knowledgeable about technological developments: Maintain an in depth eye on growing expertise. As precision farming strategies, genetic engineering and automation advance, they will considerably influence the efficiency of agriculture ETFs.
  • Consider commodity costs: Monitor the costs of main crops similar to corn and soybeans, as they drive the sector. Understanding the provision and demand dynamics can assist you make knowledgeable selections. Climate circumstances, international demand and authorities insurance policies can all affect commodity costs.
  • Analyze monetary efficiency: Take the time to evaluate the monetary well being of the businesses included within the agriculture ETFs. Have a look at their income development, revenue margins, debt ranges and total stability. Sturdy monetary firms usually tend to climate market fluctuations and supply constant returns.
  • Use technical evaluation: Technical evaluation means learning value patterns and market traits to foretell future value actions. This may be helpful for timing entry and exit factors in agriculture ETFs. You may determine potential shopping for or promoting alternatives by analyzing charts, indicators and patterns.
  • Search skilled recommendation: If you happen to’re not sure about navigating a farmland ETF’s complexities, take into account consulting a monetary advisor who specializes within the sector. They will present professional perception and enable you develop a tailor-made funding technique primarily based in your targets and danger tolerance.

Future traits in agriculture ETFs

Because the agriculture sector evolves, a handful of rising traits will probably form the way forward for agriculture ETFs. They should do with improvements, sustainable practices and technological developments that may revolutionize the business.

One distinguished pattern is the rising give attention to sustainable farming practices. With environmental conservation and local weather change on the forefront of the worldwide dialog, buyers search agriculture ETFs that use sustainable and eco-friendly rising strategies. This contains precision farming strategies, which use information and expertise to optimize crop manufacturing whereas minimizing sources. These firms growing drought-resistant crops or investing in local weather adaptation applied sciences are gaining traction, too. Agriculture ETFs can appeal to socially acutely aware buyers and probably outperform their friends in the long term.

Shoppers search extra natural and sustainable meals choices as they turn out to be extra health-conscious and environmentally conscious. This shift presents a possibility for agriculture ETFs to spend money on firms specializing in natural farming strategies and plant-based options.

Technological developments additionally play an important position in shaping the way forward for agriculture ETFs. Moreover precision farming, genetic engineering and automation have already revolutionized the agriculture business. These developments might additional enhance crop yields, cut back prices and improve effectivity within the sector.

Essential sector, however no slam dunk

Agriculture is without doubt one of the most crucial industries on the planet. However markets do not at all times make sense, and simply because an business is important for the species’ survival does not make it a wonderful funding.

Agricultural ETFs are sometimes a mixture of equities and commodities, that means buyers should perceive two asset courses to navigate this sector efficiently. Not solely are these funds not like most different sector ETFs, however they need to even be costly and illiquid, particularly because the funds’ themes get narrower. 

All the time carry out due diligence on these securities and perceive how futures contracts work earlier than investing in ag ETFs. To simplify your analysis, use the MarketBeat ETF screener to seek for funds by market cap, expense charge or holdings.


Nonetheless questioning what are one of the best agricultural ETFs? Listed below are a number of generally requested questions on agriculture shares and the way they match into the broader market:

What’s the largest agricultural ETF?

The most important agricultural ETF is the Invesco DB Agriculture ETF with over $900 million in property beneath administration. 

What are one of the best ETFs to spend money on farmland?

Whereas there’s no particular farmland ETF per se, a number of ETFs spend money on farmland shares, such because the DB Agriculture ETF and the VanEck Agribusiness ETF.

What’s the finest agricultural inventory to spend money on?

Relating to agricultural shares, “finest” is a really subjective time period. Some buyers will desire meals producers and farms, others might desire firms that make farm tools and pesticides. Or you might eschew equities altogether and give attention to farming commodities like wheat, soybeans, livestock or grains.

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